35 million Latin Americans live in cities where elected officials are held accountable to government management plans that are monitored through active citizen participation.


More than 40 cities throughout Latin America, including major cities like Sao Paulo, Brazil which has 11 million inhabitants, have adopted ordinances requiring incoming elected mayors to present a government management plan (Plan de Metas) with objective performance goals when taking office. The law also requires that they annually inform citizens of progress toward these goals. Through the adoption of these plans, Fundación Avina and its allies have contributed to strengthening democracy and civic participation in municipal governance.

The adoption of government management plan ordinances in so many cities is an important achievement made possible by the efforts of the Red Latinoamericana por Ciudades y Territorios Justos, Democráticos y Sustentables (Latin American Network for Fair, Democratic and Sustainable Cities and Territories), and it represents a shift in political practice among mayoral candidates, as they must present objective and transparent proposals before being elected in these cities.

At the same time, the plans engage citizens in the monitoring process, allowing them to participate in public oversight of their city governments. This phenomenon has shown that citizen control mechanisms can be a powerful tool for improving urban quality of life in cities such as Bogotá, Sao Paulo, and Lima.

Fundación Avina has contributed to this transformation by providing citizens with training as well as opportunities for information exchange and knowledge sharing, compiling best practices from cities throughout Latin America. We have provided technical and financial support to help spread the government management plan model across the continent, and we are working with our international partners to replicate the model in other cities around the globe.

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