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Background for the National Strategy

We believe that Avina can become a facilitator par excellence, by promoting discussions and cooperation among the country’s various stakeholders.

Guatemala is a unique country in the Central American isthmus because of its multiculturalism, linguistic diversity and a new sense of mutual respect cultivated among its citizens.

The global economic crisis beginning in 2008 has had a major impact on Guatemala, reflected in a reduction of commercial activity, slower export growth, a drop in imports and a decrease in remittances from emigrants, particularly those residing in the United States.


The country is also highly dependent on oil to satisfy its energy needs and 15% of the territory lacks sufficient energy to cover its basic needs.

According to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the economic crisis will lead to 849,300 Guatemalans living below the poverty threshold, meaning that their incomes will only cover the basic family shopping-basket. UNDP estimates that the downturn has caused 733,500 Guatemalans live in extreme poverty, making do with less than a dollar a day to cover their needs.

Another problem faced by the Guatemala is its government’s scant capacity to collect taxes. Guatemala is the nation with the second lowest tax burden in Latin America.
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National Strategies

Opportunities for advancing elements of Avina's continental strategy in Argentina include initiatives to support recycling, improving public access to water, mitigating climate change, preserving the Amazonian biome and promoting inclusive markets.

Please click the links to the right to see the initiatives for the current country.

Programas AVINA

Expansion of the Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility in Guatemala

Avina’s ally, Guillermo Monroy, has brought the concept of CSR to a growing number of businesses and commercial organizations in Guatemala, including the Trade Association of Exporters of Non-traditional Products, the Guatemalan-American Chamber of Commerce and the Mines and Quarries Union.

Between 2006 and 2008, the number of companies that had adopted the tenets of corporate social responsibility had increased from 49 to 90.Of these, 30 companies are small and medium-sized enterprises. All of them won the Rural Productivity Award for having incorporated CSR as a corporate management practice.

2.- Approved Legislation on the National Security System and Establishment of the National Agreement to Promote Security and Justice

In 2008, Avina’s ally, Enrique Álvarez, participating in the Guatemalan Security Advisory Council and Security Commission of the Political Parties’ Forum, headed the preparation of a bill for the Framework Law for the National Security System. Avina contributed by strengthening Álvarez’s leadership in promoting a wide-ranging exchange of ideas among the various stakeholders participating in formulating the law.


The adoption and implementation of this law represents progress in enhancing the system for the administration of justice in Guatemala. The law was met with prompt and effective application. Among other things, this new legislation contributed to a notable reduction of lynching cases, in which citizens take the law into their own hands.

In 2009, the National Agreement to Promote Security and Justice was established in Guatemala. This agreement establishes a series of concrete actions aimed at strengthening the justice system, based on the participation of all sectors of Guatemalan society.

Avina strongly supported the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (Comisión Internacional Contra la Impunidad en Guatemala – CICIG) in its calls for implementation of the Citizen Observatory, a tool designed to monitor legislation and legal practices.

Within the framework of this nationwide agreement, several bills are in the process of gaining approval which also contain important reforms of the financial system, particularly new regulations on bank secrecy and governance of public corporations.

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Contact Guatemala

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