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Background for the National Strategy

Peru is one of the 17 mega-diverse countries harboring the planet’s greatest biodiversity. Its wide variety of ecosystems has led to the development of numerous communities with their own cultural characteristics. For this reason and owing to its long and complex history, it also has considerable demographic diversity: 30 million inhabitants belonging to 71 ethnic groups, with 14 different language families.

Part of the wealth of these peoples is the knowledge they have and the use they make of their biodiversity. Peru has 4,400 plant species and the largest number of domesticated native species (182), including potatoes, peppers, maize, and Andean grains.

Peru’s sustainable development depends on its biological and cultural diversity. Over the last decade, economic indicators have shown spectacular growth: its GDP grew 73%, and poverty dropped from 48% to 31%. The Human Development Index also evolved favorably from 0.771 in 2000 to 0.806 in 2007. However, social indicators continue to cause concern and impose limits on this growth in the medium term if not permanently resolved soon. For example, in 2002 and 2009 Peru had the lowest results among the Latin American countries in the PISA reading comprehension test. Thus, the challenge at this time is to build an inclusive state


integrating its citizens’ different voices in public decisions and developing its economy while acknowledging the value of nature and using its wealth sustainably.

Inclusion and responsibility are two faces of the same coin: greater participation and citizen control ensure that public policies are appropriate, with social investment enhancing the exercise of rights and favoring the creation of wealth without placing future generations at risk. These are particularly urgent tasks, as the effects of climate change are already noticeable in the country, particularly in the Andes cordillera, where melting glaciers have an impact on water availability and variability in coastal basins and in the Amazon region.

For this reason Fundación Avina is promoting inter-sectoral coordination in Peru, with public opportunities for discussion and citizen participation to achieve changes in public and corporate policies on a sectoral scale. It is expected that with social participation of the government, the business sector and civil society, an impact will be made on the public agenda enabling policies to be designed and implemented in favor of inclusive and sustainable development based on Peru’s cultural and biological wealth. Avina is working in Peru to make such development alternatives visible.


National Strategies

Opportunities for advancing elements of Avina's continental strategy in Argentina include initiatives to support recycling, improving public access to water, mitigating climate change, preserving the Amazonian biome and promoting inclusive markets.

Please click the links to the right to see the initiatives for the current country.

Programas AVINA

Law 29419: a Law Regulating the Activities of Recyclers

In October 2009, and as a result of the leadership of Avina’s ally Albina Ruiz in alliance with the National Recyclers Movement, recycling associations, politicians and business people, the government of Peru enacted Law 29419, recognizing the work of recyclable material collectors and granting them formal inclusion in the country’s Solid Waste Management Systems. This makes Peru the first Latin American country to pass a law regulating the activities of recyclers. Avina supported the drafting of the bill.

More information available here: http://www.lifeoutofplastic.com/?p=712

The Consumer Code in Peru

Jaime Delgado, founder and former president of the Peruvian Consumers’ Association (Asociación Peruana de Consumidores, or ASPEC) and one of Avina’s allies, contributed to greater information transparency as co-author and one of the main promoters of the Consumer Protection and Defense Law, promulgated by the Peruvian Government in October 2010.


The new Consumer Protection and Defense Law establishes the state’s main policies regarding consumption as no other law had previously done, and it outlines a new approach where the main focus is not on complaints but on identifying underlying issues: lack of information and training, imbalance of power, deregulation, informality and inadequate supervision, among others.
The new consumer code is an instrument to modernize the market, raise standards, and promote the entrepreneurial efficiency and competitiveness necessary for a balance in consumer relations based on timely information and appropriate services. Delgado was recognized as “a promoter of awareness, an idealist and fighter in prevention, democratic training and consumer protection.” A considerable majority recently elected him as Congressman of the Republic.

More information available here:http://www.aspec.org.pe

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