Photo: Celine FrersPhoto: Celine FrersPhoto: Celine Frers
ContextopportunityStrategyAlliancesChallengesAchievements

Context

There is growing worldwide awareness of climate change as one of the most important issues facing mankind today.

We are overloading our planet’s capacity: today we use 50% more natural resources than the Earth can regenerate in the course of a year. As a result, we are entering an era of scarcity in which climate change poses as the principal physical limit, which forces us to rethink the way we inhabit our planet.

Even though the consequences of climate change are global,


climate models predict that the impact on Latin America will be: increased sea level in small islands of the Caribbean, greater frequency and intensity of extreme climate events, loss of biodiversity, mainly in tropical areas, and decreased drinking water reserves in the Andean region.

However, in comparison with the rest of the planet, Latin America presents a combination of more availability of natural resources and a medium level of human development. This fact, coupled with social, economic, and political favorable conditions, positions the region as a source of opportunities and competitive advantages in responding to the challenges of climate change.

Opportunity identified by Avina

In collaboration with its allies, Avina seeks to promote and coordinate processes for influencing public policies that integrate resilience as an adaptation strategy, encouraging New Economy low-carbon emission models and incorporating a cross-cutting approach to address climate change.


Lago

Avina and its allies’ strategy for action

Avina has developed, in collaboration with its allies, the following objectives and strategies:

  • Preserve Latin America’s resilient capacities, making visible its main ecosystem functions as an adaptation strategy to climate change.


  • Publicize and disseminate the consequences of climate change as a way for generating new economy processes.
  • Strengthen and generate multi-sector spaces through public policies on climate change at the local, national, and regional levels.

Alliances

Avina maintains links with a diversity of public, private, and civil society organizations in the region. Some of them are:

  • Latin American Climate Platform (PCL). Supported by Avina, it brings together 18 Latin American organizations that work in public policy advocacy in several countries in the region.


  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Avina collaborates with this organization to develop training strategies on climate change for decision-makers, both public and private.
  • Climate and Development Alliance (CDKN) currently supports the PCL and energy and climate change mitigation processes in Chile.

Challenges

Some of the challenges Avina faces are:

  • • Building a shared, regional vision that will position Latin America as the green continent. In the context of climate change crisis, Latin America will provide an opportunity to formulate a new


development model that promotes well-being within the limits of the planet’s ecosystem.

  • Mobilizing social and economic resources that will encourage changes in public policy in the region, with the aim of adapting and mitigating the effects of climate change.

Achievements with our allies

 

Creation of the Latin American Climate Platform

The PCL was created with Avina’s support and, in its first six months, was able to mobilize nearly 400 organizations simultaneously to generate national dialogues in Argentina, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. It also participated in the COP15, where it achieved global visibility and increased its international network of alliances.

Avina Incorporates the PCL in an Important Global Consortium

Toward the end of 2009, Avina coordinated the integration between the Executive Secretariat of the PCL, represented by the Latin American Future Foundation (FFLA), and the winning consortium for the bidding on Climate and Development Alliance (CDKN), supported


by the UK International Development Department (DFID).

This is a consortium promoted by PricewaterhouseCoopers and is composed of the FFLA, Infosys Technologies Ltd, LEAD International, Overseas Development Institute, SouthSouth-North, International NGO Training and Research Center (INTRAC), and Microsoft.

In its first phase, the initiative will last five years, during which it will allocate £40 million to provide and manage climate change knowledge, research, and advisory services for governments.

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Datos Claves

  1. 6 out of 17 mega-diverse countries harboring 70% of the Earth’s biodiversity are located in Latin America: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela.

  2. 47% of Latin America’s territory is covered with forests, which represent 25% of total forested areas and 57% of primary forests in the world.

  3. The region receives 29% of total rainfall (50% more than world average) and concentrates 30% of the planet’s inland waters.

  4. Latin America has the world’s largest reserves of arable land, accounting for 35% of total agricultural area.

  5. The Amazon biome is the world’s most extensive tropical forest, exerting regulatory weather functions at the global level.

  6. The Amazon’s deforestation is one of the largest contributors to climate change. Deforestation affects approximately 15% to 18% of the Amazonian biome.

  7. Projected studies to the year 2100 suggest that between 22% and 62% of the Earth’s surface in countries such as Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, and Bolivia will suffer degradation and desertification.

  8. Andean glaciers are declining rapidly due to global warming and the weather phenomenon known as El Niño. It is estimated that the glaciers will disappear completely in 20 to 30 years, creating water scarcity in some countries.

  9. One of the effects of climate change could result in significant loss of biodiversity sources in forested and tropical areas in the region, which include the coral reefs in Mexico and Central America.

  10. El Niño and La Niña may increase environmental disasters in several Latin American countries, particularly those in Central America and the Caribbean.